How do I copyright my works (design, codes, graphics, etc.) in the Philippines?
All requests for copyright are to be filed with the Intellectual Property Office (IPO), which is empowered to process copyright applications on behalf of the National Library of the Philippines (NLP), the national custodian of copyright.You will need to fill out and submit a Copyright Registration and Deposit Form to the IPO, which will then process your request. Don't forget to bring valid ID when filing the application. You must also enclose in your application two copies of the work being copyrighted, and pay a filing fee (this is ₱625 in Metro Manila and ₱750 everywhere else). Afterward, your application is processed, and after encoding and archival, you will receive a Certificate of Registration and Deposit, formalizing the copyright claim.What happens with those copies of the work being copyrighted? Well, all works submitted for copyright will eventually be sent to the National Library for copyright deposit, the local term for legal deposit.(EDIT: Note that in the Philippines, copyright is conferred automatically upon creation of the work. If you're copyrighting something like a website, you don't need to go through the IPO process, a simple copyright notice will suffice. However, registration ensures that the work is recorded as being copyrighted, and so you have a stronger legal defense in the event someone decides to steal your work and you want to sue.)
How did WWI food propagandas change the way Americans eat?
Q. How did WWI food propagandas change the way Americans eat?A. A major concern at the beginning of WWI was the feeding of allied soldiers, then feeding of American troops when America entered the war in 1917. President Wilson created the massive Committee on Public Information (CPI) - a propaganda machine that produced pamphlets, billboards, ads and some 75,000 speakers who spanned across the country preaching conservation, keeping down food waste, hyperlocal food source (victory gardens/chicken raising), food substitutes, canning etc. Nutrition science continues to this day, such as fighting against childhood obesity and food pyramids. Other developments included advertising and transition from small shops with delivery service to self help large grocery stores providing diverse choices.How WWI food propaganda forever changed the way Americans eatDavid McCowanPhotos: The National Archives CatalogMeatless Mondays. Local is best. Eat less wheat. These sound like food fads plucked from 2017’s buzziest blog headlines but are in fact from 100 years ago. Each was a campaign from the U.S. Food Administration during World War I, and the food propaganda it represented was as important to the war effort as Uncle Sam’s “I want YOU for the U.S. Army.” As young men fought in the trenches of Europe, housewives across America were called upon to do their duty by minding the pantry, keeping down food waste, and foregoing the bounty of our amber waves of grain so that the boys “over there” could be fed. Unsung and nearly forgotten, the food calls to action from World War I paint a vivid picture of conservation and volunteerism, early nutritional science, and the birth of advertising. Not surprisingly, some of those behaviors—keeping backyard chickens, using dried peas as a meat substitute—have reemerged in 2017 as in vogue food trends.For Americans in the early 1910s, access to food was not a major concern. Rural meals revolved around a hearty farm diet rich in meat, produce, sugar, and fats, while city dwellers had access to myriad restaurants as well as both fresh and packaged convenience foods—like Kellogg’s Corn Flakes and Oreos—for dining at home. The food supply was so ample, in fact, that when World War I broke out in Europe in 1914, the United States’ first response was to become the foremost supplier of food relief aid. Hard-hit countries like France and Belgium received dedicated shipments, and private organizations spent more than $1 billion to distribute 5 million tons of food across enemy lines.Photo: The National Archives CatalogThe focus of this food delivery infrastructure changed, however, when the U.S. entered the war in 1917. Although aid to allies continued, the primary concern became feeding American troops, and feeding them well. A typical daily ration for a U.S. infantryman during the Great War consisted of up to 5,000 calories made up from a pound or more of meat (bacon or fresh meat, rather than canned, when possible), 20 ounces of potatoes, and 18 ounces of bread (often produced in nearby field bakeries). This was about 20 percent more than the French or British could supply their men, and considerably more than the Germans, especially in the final months of conflict. This food often came straight from the homeland, and supply lines crossing the Atlantic were considered as important as the lines across Europe.At the behest of Congress, President Woodrow Wilson created the U.S. Food Administration (USFA) to manage the food reserves for the U.S. Army and allies. He appointed Herbert Hoover—then just a private citizen, a mining executive who had left his job to lead the Belgian relief—to serve as the sole director, and Wilson afforded him wide latitude to accomplish the group’s goals. Although the mission was to keep troops fed, this charge required a tremendous amount of intervention in the food habits Stateside. Hoover became known as America’s “food dictator.” The USFA fixed the price of wheat (both so that it could buy and ship in bulk and so it could stabilize the price for worried farmers), commandeered rail lines to improve transport routes, and intervened to prevent food monopolies. Hoover even insisted he receive no salary despite the tremendous amount of work, he felt this allowed him a higher moral ground from which to ask U.S. citizens to make hard sacrifices.Photo: The National Archives CatalogLucky for Hoover, Americans were primed and ready. Vilification of all things German was rampant—sauerkraut had been renamed “liberty cabbage,” while hamburgers became “liberty steaks”—and the spirit of volunteerism that led to so many ally relief efforts in the first years of the war remained strong when attention turned to U.S. lives on the line. To ensure that support for the war remained high, Wilson authorized the creation of the Committee On Public Information (CPI)—a literal propaganda factory—just days after the U.S. officially entered into combat. The CPI produced press releases and worked with academics to write snappy informational pamphlets, and they coordinated the deployment of volunteers known as Four Minute Men. These public speakers—the CPI had nearly 75,000 nationwide—would appear in parks and churches, at social gatherings, or in vaudeville or film theaters to provide quick lectures (no more than four minutes) on everything from liberty bonds and the necessity of the draft to the importance of food conservation and the patriotism of growing one’s own vegetables. It is estimated that Americans heard more than 7.5 million such speeches in the year and a half the program ran.The food propaganda war, however, was most doggedly fought through the visual arts. The CPI had a dedicated wing that churned out nearly 1,500 posters and buttons over the course of the war, and the USFA created so much art that it filled the more than $19 million worth of donated advertising space. The main message was clear: “Food will win the war. Waste nothing.” Wilson and others in the administration worried about the toll on morale that forced rationing would take, so these organizations acted to coax Americans into voluntarily cutting back rather than directing them by law. Homemakers (and even schoolchildren) were asked to sign pledges to conserve food and eat less meat, wheat, sugar, and fats, and peer pressure—Hang your sign in the window! Wear your pin!—applied the heat to keep promises.In addition to the message of conservation, the posters also highlighted other rationale for changes in food policy.The National Archives CatalogNutritional science was a burgeoning field and worked its way into the national propaganda by way of suggested food substitutes, with so many staples off limits, what were Americans to do to feed themselves properly? New products were developed and marketed—vegetable-based Crisco, for example, replaced precious lard—and unusual sources of protein were tried, including dried peas in place of beef, a trend which has returned today.Not all these substitutions stuck. “Sea steak” and “sea beef” (whale and porpoise, respectively) were enjoyed but hard to come by, and a whole category of substitution-based dinners (so-called “victory dinners”) popped up in cookbooks and magazines. Wheat cereals gave way to oatmeal or rice mixed with milk, and domestic honey or maple syrup replaced imported sugar. Baking had to do without eggs (try vinegar and water), butter (try oil), or wheat flour (try rye, oatmeal, or barley), and hearty salads, nuts, and fish replaced red meat and pork for main dishes.Photo: The National Archives CatalogHomemakers wanting to do their part looked for alternatives to their traditional pantry staples, but the problem became where to find such exotica. Local markets were used to stocking a limited number of items, and they required a number of employees—to fetch the food on each shoppers list, to ring up the purchase, and to deliver the items. With able-bodied men in short supply and demand rising for a greater variety of patriotic foods (hominy, buckwheat, margarine, and canned seafood, to name a few), full-service local shops began to give way to self-service “supermarkets.” The first such store—Piggly Wiggly—introduced aisles of food open to the customers, individually price-marked groceries, and checkout lanes. By placing the workload on the customer, these new enterprises were able to offer more diversity of food and lower prices than the traditional corner shops.Substitution could only go so far, though. Vegetables and fruits were needed both abroad and at home, and a parallel push was made for families to adopt an attitude of produce self-reliance. Hyperlocal food production took off as states and municipalities campaigned for “victory gardens” planted in backyards and in parks, and posters encouraged individuals to enlist as a “soldier of the soil.” It was popular to try to keep chickens (for eggs and meat), and children could join pig and sheep clubs, where they helped raise the animals on county and state farms. For a while, even Wilson got in on the action and let sheep graze on the White House lawn. The rhetoric was fierce. “Every garden a munition plant.” “Food is ammunition.” “Sow the seeds of Victory!”Harvest excesses were dried, pickled, or canned so that food was available in the lean months, and natural fruit jams (with no extra sugar added, of course) lined pantry cupboards. Some even went further and donated their homemade preserves to supplement the wholesale supplies sent to troops.Photo: The National Archives CatalogWhen the war ended with the signing of the Treaty Of Versailles in 1919, the U.S. Food Administration and Committee On Public Information both disbanded, but the food discipline learned by Americans would be vital over the coming decades. Nutritional science continued to develop in the 1920s as home economics departments sprouted up across the nation, food shortages brought on by the agricultural collapse of the Dust Bowl contributed to hardship in the Great Depression of the 1930s, and the return of conflict in the 1940s revived the sentiment that “food will win the war.” Even today, vestiges of America’s early food propaganda remain, consider Michelle Obama’s planting of a White House vegetable garden and her efforts to fight child obesity or the USDA’s evolving dietary guidelines with the Food Guide Pyramid and MyPlate.The recipe of one part coercion to two parts patriotism might make some of the messages from World War I taste stale today, but there is no denying that many of the ideas of the era—such as supporting local agriculture, preserving fruits and vegetables, eating alternate proteins, and fighting food waste—are on the rebound. Some flavors linger.Journalism & Mass Communication QuarterlyPopular Propaganda: The Food Administration in World War IStephen Ponder School of Journalism and Communication at the University of OregonVolume: 72 issue: 3, page(s): 539-550 September 1, 1995https://doi.org/10.1177/10776990...
How can I find out more about my dad's service in the military? He was a master sergeant in the 101st Airborne Division.
Go to this website Request Your Military Service RecordsOur online eVetRecs system creates a customized order form to request information from your, or your relative's, military personnel records.You may use this system if you are:A military veteran, orNext of kin of a deceased, former member of the military. The next of kin can be any of the following:Surviving spouse who has not remarriedFatherMotherSonDaughterSisterBrotherNote: A written signature by mail or fax is required for online requests.You will want his DD 214/Separation Documents and his Official Military Personnel File (OMPF)To get the OMPF:OMPF Archival record - discharge date of 1956 or prior*These records are archival and are open to the public. Any archival OMPF can be ordered online for a copying fee.If this is the case then go to this site: Access to Official Military Personnel Files (OMPF)for the General PublicThe type of information releasable to the general public from Federal (non-archival) records is dependent upon whether or not a person is requesting information under the provisions of the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) or has access authorization from the veteran or next-of-kin.With the Veteran or Next-of-Kin's authorization:The veteran (or next-of-kin if the veteran is deceased) must authorize the release of any information not available to the public under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA). In some cases, the veteran may already possess military documents that contain the information you are seeking. The authorization must:be in writing,specify what additional information or copies that the NPRC may release to you, andinclude the signature of the veteran or next-of-kin. A sample authorization is included for your review.Please note: Next-of-kin must also provide proof of death of the veteran, such as a copy of the death certificate, a letter from the funeral home or a published obituary.Sample Authorization:The following is suggested as an example of an acceptable authorization:"I authorize the National Personnel Records Center, or other custodian of my military service record, to release to (your name or that of your company and/or organization) the following information and/or copies of documents from my military service record."Complete the authorization by specifying the information and/or document(s) requested. Be sure to sign and date the authorization. Authorizations are honored for one year from the date of signature.If you are the next of kin of a deceased veteran, you must provide proof of death of the veteran such as a copy of death certificate, letter from funeral home, or published obituary.OMPF Federal (non-archival) record - discharge date of 1957 or after* These records are non-archival and are maintained under the Federal Records Center program. Non-archival records are subject to access restrictions. the military veteran, other next-of-kin (un-remarried widow or widower, son, daughter, father, mother, brother or sister)Use the link at the top of this page to get started using eVetRecs or Standard Form 180 (SF 180).If this doesn’t work then let me know.
How should I start preparing for USMLE step 1?
It is okay to loose touch. It is okay even though it is not supposed to happen. It is okay that you have forgotten that the root values of Axillary nerve is C5, C6, C7, C8, T1 but ulnar nerve has root value of C8, T1. You know you will have to read again and it is perfectly alright. But if only you knew why Axillary nerve and ulnar nerve has the said specific roots, you will remember them in future without having to go through the entire thing. You should read in a way such that you understand why things are the way they are. There is always a reason. And, there is always an answer. ~Dr.House That's what you should be doing in the final year of MBBS if you haven't applied this technique so far. If you can understand what you are reading, you will be adding that to your USMLE prep. Follow your medicine along with Pathoma and Goljan, Pharmacology, if possible physiology ( must for Cardio and renal ) Follow your Surgery along with Anatomy Do your entire Gynecology with focus on ovarian tumors and physiology Try to get the developmental milestones perfectly out of your peads study. Do your clinical rounds. Don't bump them. And, start your First Aid read for the systemic chapters. By the end of the year, if you can get these done, you will be on a safe side. Don't try to touch MicrobiologyBiochemistryBehavioural Sciences These are volatile and will require steady last minute prep solidly. Apart from that, try to get involved in research, case and paper presentations, volunteer work. They will add to your CV and help you during your residency. I wish I had someone to tell me all this when I was in my final year. Good luck!
Why is the U.S. Declaration of Independence preserved in a vault?
The original signed copy of the Declaration of Independence is on public display in the National Archives Building in Washington, DC.Because it is a very old document, which has had some rough handling, extensive efforts have been made to prevent it from deteriorating further than it already has. It is stored in a titanium case filled with inert argon gas. The thick bulletproof glass sheet over it is tinted very heavily to prevent damage from sunlight or UV rays. Here is a picture of it, in its case. The pages in the case below it contain the original signed copy of the Constitution and the original draft of the Bill of Rights. All of them are faded and hard to read, the Declaration especially, since it was on open display on a wall across from a window, protected by nothing more than a standard frame with a pane of glass for decades.What you cannot see is that this whole huge cabinet is actually sitting on top of an elevator. In the event of someone trying to damage the documents, or an attack on the city, at the push of a button, the entire table sinks into the floor very rapidly. It is lowered to a vault many feet below the ground, after which a huge barrier slides in place, blocking the shaft. This all takes place in seconds. I have heard that it was last really used on 9/11, when it became clear that the attacks were deliberate.EDIT: Emilian Miron has pointed out that modern tour guides of the National Archives say that no such elevator and vault system exists. I am unable to find evidence either way on the Internet. The information about the protective cases themselves are confirmed. July 4, 1776: Preserving the DeclarationHere is the National Archives building on Constitution Ave.